Gums care (Periodontics)
Gum Disease & Healt Treatmetn
Periodontics is a dentistry specialty that involves the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of gum disease before it can progress further and cause more serious problems, such as tooth loss. It concentrates on treating the problems that affect the bone and soft tissues that support the teeth. Good personal oral hygiene will be highly beneficial in the maintenance of good gum health, but it is still important to regularly go to the dentist to prevent gum disease.
Dental Cleaning – Regular dental cleaning involves the removal of plaque and tartar deposits from both above and below the gum line. This prevents bacterial buildup on the gum surfaces that can lead to more serious gum problems.
Root planing and scaling – This is a nonsurgical cleaning procedure that includes the administration of a local anaesthetic to numb the area. Along with the removal of tartar and plaque deposits below and above the gum line, planing is also done to smoothen out the rough spots on the tooth root. This works to remove the rough surfaces where bacteria can build up so that that the tooth only has smooth surfaces that can more easily re-attach to the gum tissue.
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Pocket Reduction Surgery or Flap Surgery – Flap surgery is a surgical treatment is used for advanced periodontal disease. It involves lifting the gums like a flap so that tartar can be removed, and for the damaged bone to be smoothened to remove bacteria that may be causing the infection.
The pocket reduction surgery works to keep the gums attached snugly around the tooth, significantly reducing the space in between so that the chance of bacteria spreading again will be greatly reduced.
Laser surgery – Laser surgery is a less invasive treatment option that addresses gum disease. It involves zero to very minimal downtime and decreases the risk of discomfort due to tooth sensitivity after the procedure.
Bone Graft – A bone graft is done to replace the bone that has been damaged by periodontal disease. The bone graft material can be obtained from the patient’s own bone, donated from another human source, or may be made with a synthetic substance. The bone graft facilitates the regrowth of bone tissue so the jawbone can provide strong support to the teeth once more.